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제목 An Aspect of Flapping in American English
저자 서홍원 46 3
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Seo, Hongwon. An Aspect of Flapping in American English. Studies in English Language & Literature 46.3 (2020): 321-340. The goal of this paper is to investigate how flapping occurs in American English and to analyze under the framework of Optimality Theory. Flapping as one of consonant lenitions is rule-governed and can be dealt with respect to ambisyllabicity, whereby the consonant is treated as simultaneously behaving as the coda of the preceding syllable and as the onset of the following syllable. Coronal stops can be obligatorily or optionally flapped in word-final and word-initial positions as well as the word-internal position. Flapping in word-final and word-initial /t/s can operate irrespective of stress of neighboring vowels. Word-final /t/ is realized as a flap when immediately followed by a vowel, while word-initial /t/ flapping is confined to only a few words which undergo enclisis. The asymmetries between word-final and word-initial cases are closely related to the positional faithfulness, that segments in unprivileged positions are the target of phonological processes. In particular, flapping in word-initial happens when a prosodic word is newly postulated via enclisis based on the default condition that function words are subject to be encliticized to a preceding word. (Chonbuk National University)

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