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Yang, Hyun-chul. William Carlos Williams Objectivistic Poetry. Studies in English Language & Literature 46.3 (2020): 151-168. The purpose of this paper is to show how Williams developed his poetic techniques with varying theories. The progress of his poetic theory is drawn from the influence of other artistsImagist and Zukofsky. His poetic techniques develops from the early 1910s through 1920s to the early 1930s. Each period represents his attention to the poetic elements: from the thing itself of Imagism to the object and structural necessity of Objectivism. His development of poetic techniques takes a dialectical pattern to achieve a final theory of Objectivism. His dissatisfaction with Imagism caused by his awareness of structural necessity in poetry led him to his later involvement in the Objectivist movement. He often emphasizes the structural necessity of his new poetic practice: Imagism completely lacked structural necessity, and the Objectivist attempted to remedy this fault by fusing with each image a form. He often emphasizes the structural necessity of poetry in terms of this theory of Objectivism. If Imagism changes the reader from the real world to the actually experienced world of the artist, Objectivism will take one further step. It will change the reader from the experienced world of the poet to the created world of the poem, where he experiences the creation directly. It moves, logically, from the world in itself to the world the poet perceives, and from thence to the world the poet makes the complete little universe of the individual poem. (Nazarene University)

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