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제목 아프리카 식민지학교 교육과 정치학 - 응구기 와 시옹오의 『샛강』을 중심으로
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Seo, Eunjoo. “Education and Politics of Colonial Schools in Africa: A Study of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o’s The River Between.” Studies in English Language & Literature 49.2 (2023): 17-37. This article explores the political aftermath of education that manifested in European colonial schools in Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o’s The River Between. Colonial education was predominantly about European culture and English language training to create colonial masters and workers. European governments realized that they gained strength over colonized nations not only through physical control but also mental control which was accomplished by way of the colonial education system. While they created African loyalists who were indoctrinated to favor the imperialists, Africans began to desire to learn all the wisdom and the secrets of them. But the truth of colonial education for political concepts was indirectly governed colonization and aimed to obliterate Africans’ own beliefs. In fact, African children who encountered European reforms in schools were experiencing the world as defined Euro-Centric culture and history experiences as a hostile incomprehensible force. So Ngũgĩ indeed insists that Gikuyu independent schools politically played a considerable role in the people’s fight against all the mental shackles used to maintain the exploitation, subjugation, and domination. Ideally for the Kenyan people, effective education and political activism, instead of being antagonists in colonial schools, become partners in independent schools. (Jeonbuk National University)

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