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제목 A Comparative Study on Segmental Coalescence
저자 Minkyung Lee 49 4
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Lee, Minkyung. “A Comparative Study on Segmental Coalescence.” Studies in English Language & Literature 49.4 (2023): 319-342. Segmental coalescence or fusion results from feature agreement between two neighboring sounds and subsequent deletion. When two segments are abutting with each other within or across a morpheme boundary, a newly-created singleton takes after the characteristics of the preceding and following segments, i.e. bi-directional or mutual. In this paper, segmental coalescence phenomena found in English and other Indo-European languages such as French and Spanish are mainly dealt with. For the former language, as a typical case of consonantal coalescence, an alveolar obstruent is followed by a palatal glide /j/, which gives rise to the alveolar-palatal fusion. For the latter, however, the fusion of a vowel and a consonant, usually a nasal, is witnessed in French while that of two neighboring vowels is found in Spanish. Such bi-directional fusion well conforms to the step-wise derivation via constraints and their interaction under the regime of harmonic serialism in Optimality Theoretic grammar. Through the serial processes of derivation, each deviant form from an input gets more harmonic in a gradual mode up to the final stage of convergence via the loop of Gen-Eval. In essence, feature Agreement and OCP are conflicting and responsible for segmental compromise when two neighbors are merged into a newly-created singleton. (Daegu University)

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