|제목||윌리엄 포크너의 후기 작품 세계에 나타난 ‘포기’ 주제 연구|
The literary world of William Faulkner is divided into two periods. The latter half of his literary career is distinctly separate from his previous one in terms of its themes and techniques. Renunciation is the most important theme in his later work. Bayard Sartoris renounces to take his revenge on his enemy who had killed his father in a duel. Instead, he decides to confront him unarmed at the risk of his own life. Bayards dauntless courage and firm conviction of nonviolence ends up achieving the respect of the community. Similarly, Ike McCaslin passes up inheriting McCaslin plantation which has been tainted with exploitation and incest. His renunciation has been disparaged as an irresponsible escape and negligence of duty. His resolution, however, could be a profound form of activism which follows the kenosis of Christ who was willing to divest himself of his own divinity and take the form of a servant for the human race. Christ even laid down his own life to redeem sinners. Ike likewise gives up his own right over the property and lives as a carpenter for the rest of his life. The renunciation of both protagonists sheds light on the reason why Faulkner adopted a more positive outlook on human destiny in his later life.