|제목||조드 일가의 교육: 존 스타인벡의 분노의 포도 다시 읽기|
This paper is a study on John Steinbecks The Grapes of Wrath in terms of religious symbolism and universal education. Up until now, Steinbecks The Grapes of Wrath has been typically read as anachronistic social activism, sentimental Marxist fables, and being weakened Christian theology through failed preacher, Jim Casy. The religious interpretation of this work has also regarded the text at best as an allegorical reproduction of Exodus. However, since the Joads end the story not in the promised land but in the destitute place, such criticism requires complete rereading of this novel. Therefore, this novel is more meaningful if it is considered to be a reversal of Exodus. The Joads family move from a desperate but occupied promise land, Oklahoma to bondage of California. Through this extended image, Steinbeck shows a greater vision of material poverty teaching the Joads a broader Christian view of the world, a universal evolution from I to we.